Representatives of Iran and the remaining signatories to the 2015 nuclear deal, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), are scheduled to resume negotiations on the revival of the landmark agreement in the Austrian capital, Vienna, on Tuesday.
According to Iran's official IRNA news agency, the JCPOA Joint Commission is set to resume talks on April 27, attended by the Iranian delegation and representatives of the P4+1 group of countries – Britain, France, Russia and China plus Germany.
The Iranian delegation, which is headed by Deputy Foreign Minister for Political Affairs Abbas Araqchi, set off for the Austrian capital on Monday.
Meanwhile, the European Union also issued a statement on Monday saying that the Joint Commission of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action will resume its work in a physical format tomorrow, 27 April, in Vienna.
"The Joint Commission will be chaired, on behalf of EU High Representative Josep Borrell, by the Deputy Secretary General/Political Director of the European External Action Service, Enrique Mora. It will be attended by representatives of China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and Iran," the EU statement added.
Speaking after the latest round of talks in Vienna last week, the senior Iranian negotiator, Araqchi, said the discussions are “progressive” despite “the existing difficulties” facing the diplomatic process aimed at reviving the nuclear agreement.
Araqchi reiterated Iran’s position on the future of the JCPOA and said the Iranian delegation to the talks will stop the negotiations if the other parties move toward “excessive demands, wasting time and irrational bargaining.”
Participants in the April 20 session also discussed ways to continue the negotiations and agreed to add another working group to the two ones formed earlier to make practical arrangements required for Washington’s return to the JCPOA and the lifting of all the sanctions against Tehran.
The United States, under former President Donald Trump, left the JCPOA in May 2018 and restored the economic sanctions that the accord had lifted in addition to imposing new non-nuclear ones. Tehran returned the non-commitment of the US to the deal with remedial nuclear measures that it is entitled to take under the JCPOA’s Paragraph 36.
The last remedial step involved ramping up the purity level of enriched uranium to 60 percent, above the three-point-six percent cap set by the deal.
After a change of administration in the US, President Joe Biden has claimed that Washington is ready to rejoin the deal.
The Islamic Republic has insisted that it would only stop its adherence to the JCPOA paragraph once the US lifts all the sanctions in one step and after Iran has verified that the sanctions relief has actually taken place. The US has so far failed to meet Iran’s condition.
The diplomatic process began in Vienna on April 6.