Libya plunged into deadly chaos after the overthrow and killing of its long-serving ruler Muammar Gaddafi following a bombing campaign by the US-led NATO military alliance in 2011.
This intervention ignited clashes between rival militias backed by foreign powers that poured weapons and mercenaries into the country.
Since 2015, Libya has been divided between the UN-recognized government in Tripoli and parallel institutions in Tobruk, allied to renegade military commander General Khalifa Haftar. Attempts to hold an election that would unite the country have failed up until now. The country has experienced relative peace since a 2020 following truce between the main eastern and western sides. However, intermittent clashes between rival militia groups continue to threaten the country's future. This week, we are focussing on Libya, a once prosperous North African country that was destroyed during a disastrous NATO-led invasion in 2011. The second part of our program will be on the situation in Niger after the military takeover of the country last month.