Iran is seeking guarantees in Vienna that the United States and its European allies will not renege on their contractual obligations again, a political analyst says.
Iran and the remaining parties to a 2015 nuclear agreement formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) are currently holding talks in the Austrian capital aimed at potential revival of the deal.
The US left the deal in 2018 and returned the sanctions that it had lifted. Its European allies—the UK, France, and Germany—then started to toe the sanction line as closely as possible.
“Iran has sustained hundreds of billions of dollars in damage because of the US withdrawal from the deal,” Mostafa Khosh-Cheshm told Press TV’s Spotlight program on Thursday.
“Iran stood loyal to the deal for two years after the US discarded the deal. Europeans, they made promises, but they never kept their side of the bargain. They never did that because they never do anything against the United States,” the pundit said.
“This time, Iran wants guarantees that this is not going to happen [again],” Khosh-Cheshm noted.
He enumerated the types of guarantees that the Western countries could provide the Islamic Republic with as “political, economic, and legal guarantees.”
He, however, refused to identify any of these guarantees as fully reliable ones.
“The only type [of guarantee] that you can trust, and rely on, and has a deterrent factor is the one that’s in Iran’s hands. What is it? It’s the nuclear guarantees,” Khosh-Cheshm stated.
According to the analyst, the guarantee allows Iran to retain its centrifuges and nuclear material in storage under the surveillance of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
The type of guarantee, he added, would spare Iran the financial and technological damage that it could sustain by dismantling its nuclear devices and destroying the nuclear material.
“Secondly, that would serve as a deterrent factor against the United States. They know that if they drop the deal if they ever sign it, then Iran can resume its 60-percent enrichment operation and maybe beyond that. That is the deterrent factor.”