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Iran expands contract farming of wheat to nearly 150,000 ha of lands

US Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-MN) (L) talks with Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) during a rally with fellow Democrats before voting on H.R. 1, or the People Act, on the East Steps of the US Capitol on March 08, 2019 in Washington, DC. (AFP photo)
Iran says contract farming of wheat has expanded to cover nearly 150,000 hectares of lands.

Iran’s agriculture ministry says contract farming for wheat has expanded to cover nearly 150,000 hectares of lands in the country amid efforts by the government to promote the method to both boost agriculture production and to protect farmers against price fluctuations and other risks in the market.

A senior official in Iran’s Government Trading Corporation (GTC), the body responsible for supply of staples in the country, said on Sunday that contract farming had been implemented in seven out of 31 provinces in the country.

Morteza Saadati Kia, who serves as GTC’s head of domestic purchase operations, said that the contracts are expected to guarantee wheat supplies of over 434,000 metric tons in the next harvesting seasons starting in May.

Saadati Kia added that nearly 11,500 farmers had contributed to the contract farming scheme, a first in Iran where farmers normally prefer to sell their produce to middlemen in wholesale markets.

He said the GTC had supplied nearly 60,000 tons of agricultural inputs under contracts signed with wheat farmers, adding that the inputs will diversify in the near future to cover seeds, pesticides and fungicides.

For years, Iran has covered wheat and several other crops in its guaranteed purchase price scheme. However, purchases have declined in recent years because of price issues causing some farmers to switch to other crops or to sell their produce to the middlemen.

A new administrative government that took office in August has vowed it would expand contract farming to major crops to prevent price fluctuations in the market that are caused by lack of balance in supply and demand.

Experts believe the new policy could encourage more growth in the Iranian agriculture sector where output has increased to nearly 130 million tons per year from just above 90 million tons less than a decade ago.


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