Kazakhstan's ruling Amanat party has won 53.9% of the vote in a snap parliamentary election, official data show, giving President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev a clear mandate to reform the oil-rich nation in line with his social justice objectives.
No opposition parties ran in Sunday's election, but Western criticism was less pronounced than usual, as Europe and the United States seek to strengthen ties with Russia's neighbors that have been shaken by Moscow's military offensive in Ukraine.
Observers from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) said reforms made ahead of the vote addressed some of the democracy watchdog's prior recommendations and "increased choice for voters," although further changes were needed.
Despite a formal easing of requirements for party registration, such as the number of signatures they need to present from every region, no opposition parties were able to register ahead of the vote.
At least one opposition group accused the government of deliberately denying it registration.
A senior Kazakh official said that the OSCE's decision to note positive changes as well as areas of concern was a "welcome encouragement" for the country's authorities to work towards greater democracy.
"Such comments are also important given the geopolitical context of these elections and the unprecedented tensions the region and the world have been going through since last year," said the official, speaking on condition of anonymity as they were not authorized to comment publicly.
The election of the lower chamber completes a shake-up of the Central Asian nation's political elite which began in early 2021.
Tokayev, 69, has since pledged to ensure fairer wealth distribution in his vast but sparsely populated country, which is rich in hydrocarbons and minerals.
Russia, a political heavyweight in the Central Asian region and Kazakhstan's biggest trading partner, welcomed the election results as a clear endorsement of Tokayev and his political and economic reforms.
"We reaffirm our commitment in principle to the further strengthening of multifaceted Russian-Kazakh co-operation, including through the parliamentary system," Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said.