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Iran: The Anglo-Soviet Invasion

On 25 August 1941, Britain and the Soviet Union invaded Iran. The occupation secured the Allies’ continued access both to Iranian oilfields and to the so-called Persian Corridor. 

The Allies' military supply line stretched from the Persian Gulf through Iran and into the Soviet Union, which was under heavy attack by Nazi Germany.

Although a Treaty of Alliance between the British and Soviet governments promised "to respect the territorial integrity", the invasion and subsequent occupation of neutral Iran had undeniable, catastrophic impacts on the country.

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