Last month, Russia announced it was banning all American adoptions and refusing Russian visas for US citizens who face charges over violating the human rights.
Many see the legislation as retaliation to the US passing a law targeting alleged Russian violators of human rights.
So far, US courts have recognized 19 cases of child abuses on Russian children in the US, according to the American Adoption Congress.
Russia has held accountable an American family for the death of an adopted Russian boy who underwent severe child abuse before his demise.
The death of 3-year-old Max Kuzmin is "yet another case of inhuman treatment of a Russian child adopted by American parents," said Konstantin Dolgov, a Russian Foreign Ministry official, referring to Alan and Laura Shatto, the parents who adopted a child from Russia and lived in the US state of Texas.
Texas Child Protective Services said the child died on January 21, with a report previously filed over allegations that the child was physically abused and neglected.
The Investigative Committee of Russia said that it had further questions regarding the death of Kuzmin, but accused the US Department of State of failing to help investigate the death.
A few days before Kuzmin’s death, Russian Children's Rights Commissioner Pavel Astakhov criticized the US for allowing “child brokers” to trade adopted Russian children for money, while pointing to 19 cases of child deaths from abuse at the hands of American adoptive families.