The parliament was elected on December 1, 2012 in general polls, with a voter turnout of about 40 percent.
Since then, the opposition has been staging protests to demand that the new parliament be dissolved and the changes made to a controversial electoral law be reversed.
Kuwait was the first Arab state in the Persian Gulf to establish an elected parliament in 1962.
Hundreds of Kuwaiti opposition activists have staged a demonstration outside the capital to demand the dissolution of the new parliament of the Persian Gulf state.
On Tuesday night, police fired tear gas and stun grenades to disperse the opposition protesters gathered in Sabahiya, about 30 kilometers (19 miles) south of Kuwait City, AFP reported.
The protest march was led by a number of members of the previous parliament, including leading opposition figure Musallam al-Barrak.
Barrak strongly condemned what he referred to as police violence against the protesters and said it will not stop anti-government demonstrations.
He added that the protests will continue until the realization of "a constitutional monarchy and elected government."
Witnesses said many protesters suffered from breathing problems after inhaling a new type of tear gas fired by the police.