Iran has held an international congress and national ceremonies to commemorate the country’s prominent contemporary poet, Shahriar. The international congress kicked off in Tehran on September 17, 2012 to mark the National Persian Poetry and Literature Day as well as the National Shahriar Day. Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Behjat-Tabrizi (1906-1988), known by his pen name Shahriar, was born in Tabriz and is best known for his straightforward language and easy-to-understand poems.
Shahriar was the first Iranian to write poetry in Azeri language and his most famous poem Heydar Babaya Salam, known by many as one of the best modern poems in the language, has been adapted into a few plays.Published in 1954, the poem is about a mountain where the poet spent his childhood and has been translated into more than 30 languages. Shahriar has written many different forms of verse, including lyrics, quatrains, couplets, odes, and elegies. His works have also been set to music by renowned Iranian musicians such as Rouhollah Khaleqi. Shahriar was also a talented calligrapher and played the sitar. He passed away on September 18th, 1988, and the day was named as Iran's National Day of Persian Literature and Poetry. FGP/SS