Romney is America's first non-Christian presidential nominee. He's a Mormon (aka Latter Day Saints Church member - LDS). Does it matter? More on that below.
Before he entered politics, he spent years as a Massachusetts Mormon leader. He began in the mid-1970s. From 1986 - 1994, he was president of the Boston Stake. It's similar to a Catholic diocese. Before that he was a Belmont and Cambridge bishop. His duties involved organizational work and counseling.
Later he taught Sunday school and oversaw church programs for teenagers. He overstepped by lecturing women on their sex lives and roles as homemakers. A 1994 Boston Phoenix cited an anonymous woman. As bishop, Romney discouraged her from having an abortion vital for health reasons.
The same article mentioned an area professor. She urged him to address domestic abuse. He refused and wouldn't do it. He's an elitist. He surrounds himself in church, business, and political life with powerful white men.
He's insensitive about ordinary popular needs. He doesn't convince people he cares. He calls homosexuality "perverse and reprehensible." His dark side is largely hidden.
He believes in traditional gender roles. Male dominance is fundamental. Women should be child bearers and homemakers.
As Massachusetts governor, his style was imperial. He's aloof and patrician. He frowns on single parenthood. He follows hidebound Mormon rules. Obey or face excommunication. He ordered one single mother to give up her son or religion.
At times, he feigns understanding. He doesn't fake it well. Most often he's distant and indifferent. He's hardline about parishioners doing what they're told. His arrogance toward one church member made her feel like he "kicked (her) in the stomach."
Another parishioner called him racist and anti-Semitic. He's part entrepreneur, predator, church leader, politician, and now presidential aspirant. He combines the worst of each one.
Last May, Jodi Kantor headlined a largely flattering New York Times
"Romney's Faith, Silent but Deep," saying:
With presidential aspirations, he "speaks so sparingly about his faith….that its influence on him can be difficult to detect."
Friends "describe a man whose faith is his design for living." It's not his only influence, but "its impact cannot be fully untangled from that of his family, which is also steeped in Mormonism."
As a young entrepreneur, he was very "deseret." It's a Book of Mormon term. It means "industrious as a honeybee." He went all out recruiting colleagues and clients with Mormon like missionary zeal.
He's hardline on rules. They mirror his Mormon ones. As Massachusetts bishop and president he excommunicated adulterers. He discouraged mothers from working instead of being good wives and homemakers.
In private, he's "demonstrative about his faith." In church, he "belt(s) out hymns." He fasts on designated days. Wherever he is, most often he finds a congregation "to slip into on Sundays."
According to Mormon founder Joseph Smith and his successor Brigham Young, practitioners of other religions are wrongheaded, abominable, blind, damned, ignorant pagan heathens hatched in hell.
Romney buys this stuff. He follows church dogma and rules. Responding to critics about his religion, he once said:
"They would prefer it if I would simply distance myself from my religion, say that it is more a tradition than my personal conviction, or disavow one or another of its precepts."
"That I will not do. I believe in my Mormon faith and I endeavor to live by it. My faith is the faith of my fathers. I will be true to them and to my beliefs."
Mormon temples are only for strict adherents and its leaders. Secrecy surrounding them is extraordinary. Before church members can enter a temple, they're interviewed to determine worthiness.
They're asked if they support, affiliate with, or agree with any group or individual whose teachings or practices differ from church dogma? Romney gained entry. Blockage denies it to heaven. Repentance can change things.
Church ordinances include the Law of Consecration. It requires members to pledge all their time, money, and abilities to establish the Mormon kingdom of heaven on earth. Absolute obedience to the church president is also demanded.
If Romney buys this stuff and abides by it, as president he'll be beholden to a higher power than his own office and must obey what he's told to do.
Political con men like having things both ways. Promise voters what they want to hear. Govern according to political priorities. Practice your religion as you choose out of public view.
Perhaps if elected, they'll be three Romney presidents. He's a chameleon, an opportunistic con man. He'll combine campaigner, office holder, religious extremist. He'll one up the worst of Obama enough to give his supporters pause or should if they take the time to find out.
His December 2007 GHW Bush presidential library speech was planned to allay fears about his Mormonism. He failed. He only mentioned it once. He said nothing about its beliefs or practices.
In September 1960, Kennedy removed the Catholic Question by boldly defending secularism. Romney preached the importance of "faith perspectives" in political life.
He claimed he and fellow Mormons are of like mind with evangelical Protestants and fundamentalist Catholics. He feels the same way now.
Perhaps he was wise not to defend what’s indefensible. It's less extreme now than originally but bad enough. The same goes for all religious extremism. It's one thing to be an adherent. It's quite another to govern by its dictates.
When asked "(w)ill all be damned but Mormons," founder Joseph Smith said:
"Yes, and a great portion of them unless they repent and work righteousness."
The Book of Mormon describes two churches: the church of the Lamb of God and the church of the devil. The latter is the great church. The other is "the mother of abomination….the whore of all the earth."
In the Journal of Discourses, Brigham Young said:
"Should you ask why we differ from other Christians, as they are called, it is simply because they are not Christians as the New Testament defines Christianity."
"The Christian world, so-called, are heathens as to the knowledge of the salvation of God."
"With a regard to true theology, a more ignorant people never lived than the present so-called Christian world."
"….the professing Christian world are like a ship upon a boisterous ocean without rudder, compass, or pilot, and are tossed hither and thither by every wind of doctrine."
"….the time came when Paganism was engrafted into Christianity, and at last Christianity was converted into Paganism rather than converting the Pagans."
John Taylor succeeded Young. In the Journal of Discourses, he said:
"We talk about Christianity, but it is a perfect pack of nonsense ...the devil could not invent a better engine to spread his work than the Christianity of the nineteenth century."
"What! Are Christians ignorant? Yes, as ignorant of the things of God as the brute beast."
"What does the Christian world know about God? Nothing ...Why so far as the things of God are concerned, they are the veriest of fools; they know neither God nor the things of God."
Other Mormon leaders expressed similar comments about Christianity and Mormon exceptionalism. Be wary when religious leaders demean other faiths for not being true believers.
Mormonism's dark side masquerades as wholesome, special, and benevolent. It's pernicious and malevolent and about non-believers. Adherents feel a Mormon is destined to become president and lead America. They stop short of explaining harmful policies he'll endorse.
The 19th century book titled "The Mysteries of Mormonism" is harsh. It condemns a religion it calls "the twin relic of barbarism." It was written by an unnamed "Apostle's wife."
New York-based Police Gazette Publisher Richard K. Fox published it. Books then cost around 25 cents. Times changed. So has Mormonism, but very much not in all ways mattering most. It's still hidebound, reactionary, intolerant and dangerous.
"The Mormon missionary goes abroad in the highways and byways of the earth, preaching his creed of the bagnio to the ignorant and depraved and gathering them into the fold."
"Mormonism was a swindle from the very start….Joseph Smith (was) the worst of a bad breed."
He established a church based on alleged divine revelations given him by God the Father, Jesus Christ the Son, and other angelic/divine visionaries. Flaws and contradictions define it. Adherents claim challenging them is heresy.
"The 'Book of Mormon' consists of sixteen books, professing to be written by as many different prophets. In it over three hundred passages of the Christian Bible are found, stolen without credit."
"Polygamy has no foundation either in the principle of faith promulgated by Joseph Smith and the founders of the Mormon gospel."
Brigham Young initiated the practice. He produced a document. He claimed it was a revelation given Smith. It allegedly commanded him to enter into polygamy. No such revelation existed.
After Young died, church governance changed. America grew up and expanded. Mormons no longer lived "entrenched beyond the reach of the government whose laws they violate…."
US President James Garfield campaigned against "Mormon infamy." So did his successor Chester Arthur. He called Mormonism "an evil calling out loudly for reform."
"(T)he black outrage of Mormonism cannot continue unmolested many years longer. The people are awakening and crying out for justice against it…."
"When it is hurled to ruin there will fall the most monstrous structure of fraud and infamy cemented by the blood of sacrifice ever reared in the history of the world and a creed of lust that transforms a vast stretch of our continent into a community of prostitution, and physical and mental debasement will become the by-word for iniquity it is still a triumphant monument to."
Mormonism today officially rejects polygamy. Thousands, however, still practice it.
Former Mormon practitioner Chris Tolworthy left the LDS church. He expressed anger and frustration. He moved on and explained. In 2006, he published "Ten Reasons to Protect Your Children From Mormonism."
He began saying it's "better than many alternatives." It's better than raising children "in an even worse cult….But Mormonism is not the best." It's "dangerous."
He belonged to the LDS church for 34 years. For the sake of his children he left. Why he waited so long he didn't say. His reasons include:
(1) Mormonism "destroys your integrity." It's based on "lies" and "sin."
(2) "It makes you covenant to do evil. Some Mormon teachings and practices are evil." They destroy integrity, put church before family, divide communities, preach racism and homophobia, lie, and endorse other harmful practices.
The church keeps its dark side well hidden. Methods it calls righteous are unethical. It also teaches honesty and other good things. Its virtuous side doesn't compensate for its harm.
(3) "It might kill your children. Utah is the Prozac capital of the world." It also the leading state for suicides among adolescents and young men aged 15 - 24. Many high school girls feel sad and lonely.
Teenagers are taught to feel different from other people. They're made to feel guilty about normal sexual feelings.
(4) "It limits their emotional development." The church teaches that "obedience is the first law of heaven." Children get very early indoctrination. Faith is force-fed.
(5) It's "divisive" because "it has so many core beliefs that can be proved false."
"The church puts itself before the family." Individuality and free choice get shut out.
(6) "The church teaches prejudice." It's racist, homophobic, and hardline. Church scripture says "black skin is a curse for wickedness."
It's on the wrong side of other social issues. Polygamy was finally abandoned but not entirely.
Millions of dollars are spent attacking gays.
(7) "It takes good ideas and makes them worse." Its Proclamation on the Family excludes singles and gay couples. Same sex marriage is called evil.
(8) "It is unethical." The Book of Mormon says Nephi kills Laban, steals his property, and is praised." Using gospel is a bad way to teach ethics. The "God said so" approach creates more problems than equitable resolutions. Parents are perfectly capable of raising children sans gospel.
The church wants your time and money "under false pretenses." Donating either or both should be personal choices, not mandates. It says "either you do it our way or the wrong way."
It wants control over "every aspect of your life." It's "totalitarian."
The church steals childhoods. Kids are forced to sit hours in church learning and worrying about sin. They don't have fun like others their age in non-Mormon households.
(9) "Poor decision making." Feelings and dogma guide them more than facts.
(10) "Empty promises." The church takes your time and money. In return, it doesn't make people better. So-called Mormonism benefits "are empty."
The church claims its way is righteous and good. Compared to dysfunctional lifestyles, it's true. Compared with better ones, it falls short. "If you want better for your children, you can protect (them) from the dangers of Mormonism." Exercise free choice and do it.
Modern Mormonism differs greatly from its original form. Critics, however, call it a longstanding elaborate fraud. Its scripture contains numerous contradictions and errors. Founder Joseph Smith was a convicted con man.
He was more huckster than prophet. A purposeful deceiver in his day was called a "juggler." In 1849, New York Herald founder/publisher/editor perhaps first used the term confidence man. Smith lived from 1805 - 1844.
Herman Melville titled his 1857 novel "The Confidence Man: His Masquerade." Some believe Smith was his archetype. "The Con Man is Devil and God," said Melville.
He preaches aphorisms like "Charity thinketh no evil." "Charity believeth all things," and "Charity never faith." Melville believed scamming represented everything wrong with America in the pre-Civil War decade.
Many of his confidence man's entreaties make perfectly good sermons. Smith filled the bill. His mixed messages reflected good and evil. Critics called him an impostor, a fake, a con man.
Conning the faithful to believe continues. Modern day leaders do it their way. They also created a vast business empire. In July 2012, Business Week headlined "How the Mormons Make Money," saying:
Last March, a $2 billion Salt Lake City megamall was completed. It's adjacent to the church's neo-Gothic temple and president Thomas Monson's offices. Adherents call him a living prophet.
The project features a retractable glass roof, 5,000 underground parking spots, and nearly 100 stores and restaurants. Luxury ones like Tiffany's are included.
At its grand opening, Utah dignitaries accompanied Monson. He cheered "one, two, three," cut the ceremonial ribbon, and said "let's go shopping!"
"Watching a religious leader celebrate a mall may seem surreal, but (this one) reflects the spirit of enterprise that animates modern-day Mormonism."
"The mall is part of a sprawling church-owned corporate empire that" church leaders say spreads its message, increases economic self-reliance, and builds "the Kingdom of God on earth."
Keith McMullin heads the church holding company. Deseret Management Corporation (DMC) is an umbrella organization for many non-profit church businesses.
"We look to not only the spiritual," he says, "but also the temporal, and we believe that a person who is impoverished temporally cannot blossom spiritually."
Mormonism combines religious fervor with money-making. Non-profit status enhances bottom line priorities. Church holdings are vast. Little is known about them. Financial transparency is absent. Even members required to contribute generously aren't privy to what goes on.
According to historian D. Michael Quinn:
"The Mormon Church is very different than any other church….Traditional Christianity and Judaism make a clear distinction between what is spiritual and what is temporal, while Mormon theology specifically denies that there is such a distinction."
Megamalls and multi-billion dollar enterprise profiteering is doing God's work. Quinn adds:
"In the Mormon's (leadership) worldview, it's as spiritual to give alms to the poor….as it is to make" millions of dollars.
Around six million Americans practice Mormonism. Globally it's around 14 million. Their influence outnumbers their numbers.
The church's business empire and wealth are vast. DMC alone has six subsidiaries. Its estimated annual revenue is around $1.2 billion. It runs a newspaper, 11 radio stations, a TV station, a publishing and distribution company, a digital media operation, a hospitality business, and insurance with assets worth $4.4 billion.
AgReserves is another for-profit Mormon umbrella enterprise. Together with other church-run agricultural affiliates, it owns about one million US acres. They're used for farming, hunting, preserves, orchards and ranches.
They include the $1 billion, 290,000 acre Florida based Deseret Ranches. It has 44,000 cows, 1,300 bulls, citrus, sod, and timber. Foreign based affiliates operate in Britain, Canada, Australia, Mexico, Argentina and Brazil.
The church also runs several for-profit real estate enterprises. They develop, own, and manage malls, parking lots, office parks, residential buildings, and other businesses.
Hawaii Reserves owns or manages over 7,000 Oahu acres with commercial and residential buildings, parks, water and sewage infrastructure, as well as two cemeteries.
Oahu's Polynesian Cultural Center is a 43 acre tropical theme park. It hosts luaus, canoe rides, and tours through simulated Polynesian villages.
Utah Property Management Associates is another operation. Its new megamall is part of a $5 billion downtown Salt Lake City makeover.
According to Utah Governor's Office of Economic Development official Spencer Eccles:
Church officials run "their businesses like businesses, no bones about it."
Given their vast enterprises and business expertise, Sociology Professor Ryan Cragun said it makes more sense to call them "The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints Holdings, Inc."
Like other churches, many of its operations and donations are tax exempt. They're also secretive. Religious operations aren't obligated to explain much publicly. In the early 1960s, the LDS church stopped reporting finances entirely.
In 1997, a Time magazine investigation estimated its total worth at $30 billion. It said about $5 billion flows into church coffers annually through tithes. It also owned around $6 billion in stocks and bonds.
A more recent Reuters/Professor Cragun investigation estimated a $40 billion net worth, including up to $8 billion annually in tithing.
Church finances are so compartmentalized that no single person, not even the president, has access to them all. They're vast, growing, profitable, and perhaps greater than estimated totals.
Modern Mormonism isn't just a religion. It's a money making machine.