Iran's President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has reaffirmed the determination of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) to transform the global management system based on the principles of justice and amity.
The 16th NAM Summit wrapped up in the Iranian capital on Friday, with the member states passing a final resolution, which included over 700 clauses.
The final communiqué expressed support for Iran’s nuclear energy program, rejected the United States’ unilateral sanctions against the Islamic Republic, and called for greater efforts to support the Palestinian cause.
The need to combat Islamophobia and racism throughout the world as well as global nuclear disarmament were some of the other key issues mentioned in the document.
Press TV has talked with William Beeman, a professor at the University of Minnesota to discuss the international role of the NAM.
He is joined by the writer and Journalist Shahid Qureshi from London and Ken Stone with the ‘Hamilton Coalition to Stop the War’, from Toronto.
What follows in an approximate transcript of the interview with Beeman.
Well, let us look at that, Professor Beeman; do you think that NAM, as an organization itself, would be able to counter the effects, little by little, of the Security Council or what do you think has to happen in order to implement such changes?
I think that the Non-Aligned Movement has yet to realize the fact that it has tremendous economic power in the world.
You take nations like Japan, like India, like Brazil that are…, or even Canada, that are major, major economic players in the world but do not have the ability to actually determine the course of the Security Council resolutions or determinations because of the veto that is exercised by the five great powers after World War II, that is Britain, France, the United States and China and Russia.
I should add many European nations, Germany, in particular, is a major player on the world scene today but also does not have that deterministic power.
It has been a long time since World War II and I think that the world needs very much to understand how important these nations in the Non-Aligned Movement are, for the economic and security wellbeing of the world.
What about that Professor Beeman, what Mr. Qureshi said? Do you think that these countries in NAM would be able to…, obviously there are some political differences, political perspectives that may not be on the same page.
However, will they be able to put the economic aspect, for example, as a priority and put their differences aside? Or how do you see NAM in general being able to solve these various problems that obviously certain members have different perspectives on?
One of the things that I think is important for the nations that are in the NAM alliance, is that they begin to forge alliances with each other, many of these nations do not have embassies even in other countries; for instance, there are very few Middle Eastern embassies in Latin America; one of the things that has been interesting about the politics in Iran in recent years is that the Iranians for the first time are developing ties with Latin America and also with West and East Africa, which is a completely new development in terms of the politics of the world.
And nations like India should be represented everywhere and should be forging economic alliances with just about every emerging nation, given the economic power of a place like India.
Germany does have presence in many parts of the world, but many of the Non-Aligned nations have not really thought beyond their immediate regions and their orientation has always been to the great powers and NATO.
That has been their primary alliance and they need to rethink that and to see that their future really lies in forging primary alliances with other members of NAM and not necessarily with the Western nations and with NATO nations.
One minute Mr. Beeman, what do you think needs to be done in order for NAM now to be successful? In one minute.
Well, NAM, as our previous speaker has said and as I have said myself, the nations of the NAM need to forge these cooperative ties among each other and see where their common interests lie.
One of the most important things that they can do, is to keep fighting the hegemony on the part of the great powers.
One of the important resolutions at the end of the NAM conference, was support for Iran’s peaceful nuclear program, now what all of the nations of NAM know, and they are 19 nations that are enriching uranium in the same way that Iran is enriching uranium; they know that if the West is successful in shutting down Iran’s nuclear program, that it could shut down the nuclear enrichment programs in other nations as well.
Many non-aligned nations including Brazil and Japan and Thailand and Taiwan… Many of these other nations that are also engaged in nuclear technology.
So if the West can control Iran, they can control the other nations as well; and every nation in NAM knows that; and this is not just with regard to the nuclear energy, but with regard to just about any other control of resource or control of military power that the NAM nations would like to exercise.