Press TV: Dr. Rayevsky, we are looking at the second day of talks. In terms of your viewpoints, what has transpired? Iran is waiting for the P5+1 to give an answer. What is your assessment?
Rayevsky: It sounds to me that there were new things in negotiations. Iran had the proposals of his own; they were put on the table yesterday and for today, up to 12 o’clock, Catherine Ashton was to study them.
That was said yesterday and maybe they were speaking about the third day of negotiations, if it is necessary.
Up to now, we do not know [if] it is finished or not. And as for the whole, Iran is ready, as I understand, on the problem to stop enrichment up to 20 percent that was set before.
After Baghdad, it was discussed in Tehran as well; there were different opinions and so on but, as I understand, Iran is ready.
But of course for Iran it is necessary to have the more enriched uranium and to receive it not simply for exploitation, but for scientific, medical purposes and so on.
That is why the international community wants to help with this as well for Iran and to receive it as soon as possible and always in time.
Of course, that is always and also a problem and I hope that that will be solved anyhow and what is important is Russia said it was against new sanctions against Tehran because, as we understand and as we see, Iran is ready not only to negotiate but to go forward through all these international rules, through the international obligations according to the Non-Proliferation Treaty [NPT].
And Iran also gives an opportunity to visit the facilities doing with the problem of enrichment and that is very important.; very important because the main thing is just to move the process, to move it forward and I think that we will have this possibility.
Anyhow, Iran is a very important part of the international community and of course the opinions of this country are very important in the other sides of the world, surrounding the regional problems and the world problems in the whole.
And I hope that nowadays the negotiations will help to solve this problem, anyhow, because we do really need the opinions of Iranians and their participation in the regional and world life.
Press TV: We had the Iranian side that met with the Russian side, right before Dr. Jalili talked to Mrs. Ashton. What constructive role do you think is Russia playing in this and what is your perception on how they have been, since they have been the host, of perhaps making sure that there are some results that come out of this?
Rayevsky: Well, it seems to me that Russia does everything just to persuade Iran just to be more flexible in their approach towards the problem that helps of course and just Iran to show that these things maybe [were] understood not well and that is why it is necessary to correct their approach, first of all, and, secondly, Russia is against new sanctions because sanctions do nothing good. It does not help to solve the problem.
Only the position of both sides became more and more grave. That does not help the negotiations and the solution of problems.
Press TV: And finally, Russia did have a step by step, if you remember, that they proposed back in 2011 and it seemed logical at that point for this to be accepted but the West rejected it.
Do you think they are going to use something perhaps similar when the step by step is something that Iran has said to be reciprocated simultaneous at the same time which is similar to the Russian model?
Rayevsky: Yes and I think that Russia will return to this proposal. The only modest warrant of approach towards the problem in the whole and Russian ideas, it seems to me they are in time, and it is necessary to move in this way but not to press and press as they do sometimes.
And usually they try to press and that is why sometimes an idea arises and what will be the next if Iran will go forward?
Press TV: Do you think there is going to be the next round of talks?
Rayevsky: I hope that the rest of the participants will be sincere in their approach, will be sincere in their intension to promote the relations with Iran further.
Iran's nuclear point man Saeed Jalili says Tehran insists on its naturally-endowed right to uranium enrichment activities and the nuclear fuel cycle within the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
“At the [Moscow] meeting, we explicitly announced that enrichment is Iran's absolute right and that enriching uranium for peaceful purposes is regarded as an absolute right,” Jalili told reporters on Tuesday, drawing on Tehran’s legitimate right to the activities as stated by NPT stipulations.
Press TV has conducted an interview with Dr. Viktor Nadein Rayevsky, a senior researcher of Institute of World Economy and International Relations, to further talk over the issue. Below is an approximate transcript of the interview.