Iran unveils home-built satellites
Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
On the occasion of the Ten Days of Dawn celebrations, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has unveiled four domestically-manufactured satellites.
Four national satellites, Fajr (Dawn), Rasad (Observation), Amirkabir I and Zafar (Victory) and the Kavoshgar 4 (Explorer 4) satellite carrier, were unveiled on Monday in presence of President Ahmadinejad and Defense Minister Brigadier General Ahmad Vahidi, IRNA reported.
Fajr is the first sensing satellite of the country, manufactured by Iran's Defense Ministry, with the ability to change from the elliptical orbit of 300-450 kilometers to a circular orbit of 450 kilometers which increases the life expectancy of the satellite by one year and a half.
The images taken by Rasad, which is the country's first satellite for photography and carries remote measuring equipment, would be used in meteorology and identifying sea borders.
The satellites were inaugurated a day after General Vahidi unveiled two domestically-manufactured fixed ground stations and another mobile one for receiving remote sensing images on Sunday.
The Iranian minister said the Geographical Department of Iran's Defense Ministry will use the stations to receive and process images with an accuracy of one meter and provide them to users across the country.
He noted that each station would be able to cover an area within a radius of 2,500 kilometers and to prepare images within an area estimating 10 million sq km every 24 days.
Iran launched its first domestically-produced satellite, Omid (hope), into orbit in 2009.
The Omid data-processing satellite was designed to circle the Earth 15 times every 24 hours and to transmit data via two frequency bands and eight antennas to an Iranian space station.
Iran is one of the 24 founding members of the United Nations' Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, which was set up in 1959.