After a hard-fought legal battle with the US, ancient artifacts belonging to Iran have been transferred to the Iranian National Museum in the capital, Tehran.
The 108 artifacts known as the Chogha Mish Collections were among some 264 clay artifacts taken over half a century ago from the Chogha Mish in Iran’s southern Khuzestan Province for archaeological studies at the University of Chicago’s Oriental Institute.
The artifacts were officially on loan from Iran from April 1, 1964 for three years to be studied. However, the American side declined to return the artifacts in due time.
Following the Islamic Revolution of 1979, the Islamic Republic took legal action to bring the artifacts back.
After over 35 years of a legal battle between the Iranian government and the US Department of Justice, the federal appeals court in the US overturned an earlier decision, saying the artifacts were to be given back to the Islamic Republic under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976.
Chogha Mish was a regional center during the late Uruk period of Mesopotamia; and is important today for information about the development of writing.